Various Aids Periodontics Short Essay Question And Answers

Various Aids Important Notes

1. Types of probes

Various Aids Types of probes

2. Miller’s mobility grading

Various Aids Miller's mobility grading

3. Types of periodontal probes

Various Aids Types of periodontal probes

Various Aids Short Essays

Question 1. Enumerate advanced diagnostic aids and write. Determines mucogingival relationship
in detail about DNA probes.

Advanced Diagnostic Aids:

1. Aids in radiographic techniques:

  • Digital radiography
  • Subtraction radiography
  • CADIA (Computer Assisted Densitometric Image Analysis)
  • Computerized tomography
  • Nuclear Medicine Bone scan

1. Aids in microbiological diagnosis

  • Jar technique
  • Anaerobic chamber technique
  • Enzyme reduction technique

Read And Learn More: Periodontics Question and Answers

2. Other Aids

  • GLC (Gas Liquid Chromatography)
  • DNA probe
  • PCR (Polymerase chain reaction)

Advanced Diagnostic Aids DNA Probe:

  • DNA probe uses segments of single-stranded nucleic acid labeled with an enzyme or radioisotope that is able to hybridize to the complementary nucleic acid sequence
  • It detects the presence of target micro-organisms causing periodontal diseases


Various Aids Procedure


Question 2. Periodontal probes.

Periodontal probes Use:

  • Measure pocket depth
  • Determines bleeding on probing
  • Determines furcation involvement
  • Locate calculus
  • Identifies irregularities

Periodontal probes Types:

  1. Marquis color coded – Markings at 3 mm section
  2. UNC-15 probe
    • Length – 15 mm
    • Markings present – at each mm
    • Color coding-5th, 10th and 15mm
  3. The University of Michigan O probe
    • Markings 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9
  4. Michigan ‘O’ probe
    • Markings – 3, 6, and 8 mm
  5. WHO probe
    • Tip-0.5 mm ball
    • Markings – 3.5, 8.5, 11.5 mm
    • Color coding – 3.5-5.5 mm
  6. Naber’s probe for furcation areas

Periodontal probes Generations:

  1. First Generation: Conventional probe
  2. Second Generation: Pressure-sensitive probe
  3. Third Generation: Computerized probes

Various Aids Florida probe

Various Aids Marquis color code probe calibration in 3 mm sections

Question 3. PSR.

  • Periodontal Screening and Recording

PSR Probe:

  • 0.5 mm ball tip
  • Color coding-3.5.-5.5 mm

PSR Method:

  • Divide the patient’s mouth into 6 sextants
  • Examine six points around each tooth and code it.


Various Aids Codings

Various Aids Short Answers

Question 1. ELISA test.

  • ELISA is Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Diagnostic test for HIV
  • It is color based test

ELISA test Procedure:

ELISA test Apparatus: Separate wells containing

  • Antigen
  • Suspected antibodies
  • Controls
  • Antisera to antibody


Various Aids ELISA test method

ELISA test Result: Positive shows color change


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